HomeUncategorizedOur beautiful planet: the hidden land of fire and ice
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সকল আপডেট ফেসবুকে পেতে আমাদের অফিশিয়াল ফ্যান পেজে লাইক দিন

Our beautiful planet: the hidden land of fire and ice

This year marks a century
since the last tsar of Russia,
Nicholas II, formally
approved a plan to close a
vast swathe of Siberian
forest to the public – one of
his final acts before the
Russian empire collapsed in
the 1917 revolution.
The original aim was to
prevent the extinction of a
weasel-like creature called
the Siberian Sable, highly
valued for its fur. But it also
founded a
unique nature reserve system
extending over an area the
size of France and rated by
the UN as having the
world’s highest level of
protection for wildlife. Kronotsky volcano looming
The rules governing these
nature reserves, known as
zapovedniki in Russian, are
so strict, and some are so
remote, that very few of
Russia’s own population
have ever been inside one.
Since their foundation, only
scientists, rangers and
students had been allowed
to visit these nature
reserves, which
conservationists have
strived hard to protect and
study. But government
initiatives launched in 2011
mean many of these nature
reserves are opening to a
limited number of visitors
Nature protection in these
zapovedniki is stricter than
for the world’s national
parks, such as Yellowstone
in the US, where hikers can
roam, which have hundreds
of kilometers of paved
roads, and where the
attitude is recreation
together with conservation.
Russia also has national
parks, but these don’t come
with such high protections
as their more than 100
zapovedniki. The geysers in Kronotsky Nature
Reserve can be deadly
Kronotsky, in Russia’s
remote far east, is one of
these nature reserves. It
extends more than 10,000
square kilometers and is
home to Russia’s only
geyser basin. A small valley,
discovered in 1975, earned
the name “death
valley” after it was found
to regularly kill animals
who perish from the high
concentration of poisonous
gases, among hydrogen
sulfide, rising from the Brown bears in Kronotsky
Nature Reserve enjoy the
world’s highest wildlife
It also boasts several
volcanoes, both extinct and
active. This, combined with
its harsh, icy climate, has
earned it the nickname the
“Land of Fire and Ice.”
The reserve also has around
800 brown bears, some
weighing as much as 650kg,
making it one of the
species’ largest protected
populations in the world.

1 month ago (October 15, 2017) FavoriteLoadingAdd to favorites

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